Paul Cézanne (1839 – 1906) was a French Post-Impressionist painter and printmaker born in Aix-en-Provence, France.
The creative path of many European artists of the beginning of our century, as it were, is divided by an invisible line into two stages "before Cezanne" and "after".
Acquaintance with the discoveries of the painter Paul Cézanne, who spent most of his life in his native town in the south of France - Aix, was a turning point in the development of many painters.
The artist Paul Cézanne was a peer of the Impressionists.
However, his work represented the next stage in the evolution of artistic vision. As if arguing with the Impressionists, from whom he learned a lot, Cezanne said that he wanted to create paintings for museums - that is, to convey the unshakable, eternal image of nature, as opposed to Claude Monet and Camille Pissarro , who sought to capture the changing features of nature.
Acquaintance with the Impressionists, and especially with Camille Pissarro , with whom he went to sketches and even copied one of his paintings, forced Cezanne to completely change his palette. He got rid of black forever, began to write with pure colors, with a smaller calm stroke.
But if for the Impressionists the most important role was played by the immediacy of the impression, the visual image on the plane of the canvas, then in Cezanne, even in the works of the early 1870s - the period of closest proximity to the Impressionists, the creation of a thoughtful composition was in the first place, where space was not transmitted flattened, like the Impressionists, but going into depth.
Views of the south of France - a large series of landscapes with Mount Sainte-Victoire and other paintings, as well as still lifes, where the image of apples, a jug, drapery or several other everyday things varied, were important in that a special spatial system was created in each picture, different in to its laws from the simple rules of direct perspective that had triumphed earlier in painting.
Cezanne bowed before nature, he asserted its greatness and beauty. But he dared to break the laws of landscape construction, which subsequently brought him worldwide fame as the founder of a new trend in painting.
The public did not like and did not recognize Cezanne's paintings even when the Impressionists were already in vogue. Recognition for the artist came from young artists in the 1890s and 1900s. At the Paris exhibition of 1904, an entire room was devoted to paintings by Paul Cézanne. This exhibition was the first major success of the artist, but real fame came to him only posthumously.
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