Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) a Dutch painter whose work laid the foundation for the Post-Impressionist style.
He is known for his vivid and expressive paintings, which were an important contribution to the art of the late 19th century.
Over the years of his work, the artist has created more than 2,200 paintings, including about 860 oil paintings, such as portraits, self-portraits, landscapes, still lifes and panels depicting olive trees, cypresses, wheat fields and sunflowers.
Oil painting did not absorb all the amazing creative energy of Van Gogh. During the entire period of his work, the artist constantly drew with a pencil, pen, ink, making sketches from the surrounding nature, villages and people. Even when working in black and white, Van Gogh endowed his paintings with depth and a clear sense of color. The theory of the decomposition of color into its constituent parts, the painting of the divisionists, built on separate dotted strokes based on the optical mixing of colors during perception, interested Van Gogh, as well as the works of the Impressionists.
He found the ability to achieve color contrasts in the painting of Camille Pissarro, as well as Adolphe Monticelli, a French painter whose still lifes with flowers attracted his attention. In the paintings of the Impressionists, Van Gogh was impressed by their ability to observe reality, to convey the slightest changes in the life of nature. He borrowed from them not only the method of working with light colors, but also the plots themselves, in which the Impressionists liked to convey the vibration of light, the unsteadiness of the air at different times of the day and under different weather conditions in an urban or rural landscape.
“I believe in the absolute necessity of a new art in color and in all of life,” Van Gogh said.
His work has had a huge impact on artists of the 20th and 21st centuries.
The tragic life of Vincent van Gogh, a hungry, almost beggarly existence, full of loneliness and contempt for others, has already turned into a worldwide hype and interest in the 20th century. During his life, Van Gogh sold only one painting ("Red Vineyards in Arles"), and exactly one hundred years later, at Christie's auction in New York, his "Portrait of Dr. Gachet" was bought for $ 82.5 million (a record among paintings).
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